All posts tagged summary

“Murder Me…Become a Man”: Establishing the Masculine Care Circle in Young Adult Dystopia by Jessica Seymour.

This source looks at the different way male YA-dystopian characters care for the people around them. New-age YA dystopias show masculine gender performance in a caring role as opposed to the arrogant fighters typical of other media. The characters form a “care circle” of whom the male will care for. This “care circle” is different than the more common “justice perspective” which is a more masculine trait that is concerned with the greater good. The men in YA dystopia don’t exhibit the traits of hyper-masculinity so often seen in other literature. This source examines how gender roles compare between YA dystopia and other genres. This comparison will be important when looking at literature intended for different age groups. It gives plenty of examples of different male characters in YA dystopia, how they interact, and what the effect is on the reader. One thing to remember when reading this source is that it only looks at YA dystopia so it will be important to make sure that other sources are looking at literature/media that is aimed at both younger and older audiences. This source seems really credible. I didn’t detect any bias in the author’s voice, Reading Psychology is reputable, and it’s very up to date, being written last year. The source uses lots of textual evidence to support its claim, and is great to use to find parts of novels that have examples of the “care circle” being cared for. It moves through each facet of the relationship between a male character and his care circle, examining how the care circle is created, and the different relationships between the male and everyone he helps care for. The projects that I saw in the conference presentations that would directly benefit from using this source include Fatma’s, Matthew’s, and Teresa’s.

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Google+ Circles: Making them Work for You

In class, when were were learning about panoptical security and their applications in dystopias, we went over Foucault’s theory of the “plague town”. This was a town where the plague was present, so everyone had to be monitored very closely so that no one would die. In this setting, the town was a model of a dystopian society. For my research on how our present technology is capable to form dystopia, I wanted more background on technology involved with surveillance. I first had to understand what the definition of surveillance was. I found a source from the American Journal of Industrial Medicine, which focused on public health surveillance. “The Evolution of Surveillance” by William Halperin is a short article about the current state of health surveillance, and the capabilities that the health community wishes to have.

A brief summary

In the 1970s with the passage of Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), health was only surveilled in the country through physician reporting. Today, through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE), and other entities, surveillance has evolved.

You’re being surveilled when you go to the doctor!

William talks about the origins of health surveillance, which began when a surveillance system design by Bill Foege eradicated the last clusters of smallpox. Today, health surveillance also involves preventing diseases rather than just controlling spread, injuries, disease hazards, interventions for preventing disease, and more. Basically, health surveillance has become more powerful.

For example, OSHA tests for blood lead on behest of physicians looking for patients. Even though there’s no present rationale behind the data collection, OSHA is still collecting the information. The health community continues to look to improve their data collection methods and strategies to make the “neurological system of public health” as vigilant as possible

At the airport in Hong Kong, you must pass health checkpoints.

Organization and Rhetorical Strategies

This article starts by talking of the origins and definition of public health surveillance. Giving the reader some background helps with understanding. It then summarizes how the surveillance has evolved over time, examples of it, and what is to come in the future. It mainly uses logos and ethos throughout the journal, as it is a health journal.

Key terms and theories, and why they are important

The key ideas that I got from this article were that surveillance is “the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health related data with the a priori purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance.”

In a dystopian society, crime, any disobedience, is considered and treated like a disease. It’s shunned, undesirable, and we try to get rid of it. When William talks about a Neurological System, he’s talking about a sort of autonomous intelligent system that manages itself. Any system, given a feedback loop, can sustain itself. Surveillance is a method for a feedback loop so the public can remain healthy. A key defining feature of a utopian or a dystopian society is that the state stays the same. Therefore, surveillance is crucial in a dystopian society, as it allows a state to remain static.

In this article, William talks about how surveillance is evolving. We collect data even if we aren’t sure of it’s rationale, but we collect it just in case the data becomes useful. He says,

“Surveillance in practice is an evolving quilt or tapestry of many methods of data collection,“

To increase surveillance, you just need to collect more data. William warns however that “collection of data without analysis or use is not surveillance.” This provoked me and made me think about what surveillance in our present society use actually surveillance, or just unnecessary extra data collection.

Halperin, William. “The Evolution of Surveillance.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 56, no. 6, June 2013, pp. 613–614. EBSCO, doi:10.1002/ajim.22193. Accessed 24 Feb. 2017.