According the Dictionary.com, propaganda is defined as “
It’s important to note that propaganda can be both helpful and harmful. In The Hunger Games, for example, the Capitol benefits from the false information spread about the Games, while the citizens of Panem evidently suffer because of the propaganda. The Games as a whole can essentially be considered propaganda because the Capitol claims that they’re essential in order to maintain order and peace. While the Capitol believes that the Games are helping them maintain order, the Districts are being fueled by the Capitol’s lies and corruption. If the Games weren’t a thing in the first place, Katniss would never have inspired the Districts to rise against the Capitol. In The Hunger Games, the role of propaganda is supposed to be to maintain order, but as we find out later in the franchise, propaganda seems to be the root of the war.
Another book in which propaganda plays a significant role in is The Knife of Never Letting Go by Patrick Ness. (Great book by the the way. I definitely recommend it) The book is basically about an isolated, mysterious society which consists of only men and animals who are able to listen to each other’s thoughts. The story revolves around Todd, a 13 year-old boy who’s unsure about why there are no women in his community. His whole life, he’s been taught that aliens known as Spackle invaded his community and killed off the women with a germ called Noise (the germ that men had in order to be able to listen to each other’s thoughts). In order to avoid spoilers, I won’t say what happens exactly, but Todd makes the realization that he’s been lied to his whole life. In this book, the government utilizes propaganda as a strategy to have full control over their community.
In both books, authoritative organizations use propaganda in an attempt to enforce complete dominion over a society. Unfortunately, the propaganda isn’t very successful in neither of these books, and that’s what these authors are trying to argue: despite the hefty use of propaganda in dystopian literature, complete dominion over a society already overrun by its flaws is impossible.