When I have read dystopian novels, I have realized that certain political figures in the society are trying to create the perfect society to live in. Often this perfect society they create only benefits themselves and they justify certain actions to make them seem okay. These political figures are often all powerful and control everything. For example, in The Hunger Games President Snow is the figure that controls the society. I don’t know the specific history behind Panem, but throughout the book, and the movie, President Snow justifies the slaughtering of children as a way to keep peace. This justification is what makes the people living in the Capitol believe that the games are an okay form of entertainment. Even between districts the games are viewed in different ways. Closer to the capitol, where there is more wealth, the games are seen as a privilege. The farther away you get, the poorer the districts are, the more they hate the games. This change in wealth between districts is what begins to shine light on the fact that Panem is a dystopia. There is unrest between the districts and the Capitol is beginning to lose control which signifies that the system that they have created is no longer going to work. This downfall is something that I have realized is consistent with the dystopian books I have read. The society that is created does not survive when people start realizing that the system isn’t benefiting them. Not only does this downfall occur in dystopian societies, it also happens in utopias. Perfection can only take you so far and eventually it does not survive. People have too many different thoughts and ideas to make a society where everything is decided for them thrive. So maybe calling Panem a utopia is a stretch, but either way societies crumble when people are oppressed throughout their lives by the government.
When you start combining a dystopian novel with other genres, authors create societies that subtly hint at problems that we currently face. Rather than creating a society in the future United States, authors can take the society into space and start adding in elements that would have been perceived as unrealistic had they occurred on Earth. As the genre moves more towards young adult books authors start reaching a different audience. Young adult books that have a dystopian society are starting to have heroes that are younger. This trend is happening because the audience is becoming younger so the authors are adapting to that change. This means that readers who connect dystopian novels to our current society are reading about what is wrong in our world at a younger age.