How cultural factors influence emerging adults–annotated bibliography

Germain, Carel B. “Rites of Passage: Adolescence in America, 1790 to the Present.” Oxford Journals, Ebscohost, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p73, Jan1978,

This article explains how the roles of young adults in society are changing because of economic factors and the new rising middle class. He talks about how younger kids with less money take on more responsibilities in their families and “grow up” faster than others because their parents often have to work multiple jobs. He goes on to talk about how the rising middle class is offering a lot more job opportunities for young adults to pursue. In addition, becoming employed is one rite of passage he talks about in his book.

The author pulls from many different sources of information such as Erik Erikson’s Identity: Youth and Crisis and Philippe Aries’ Centuries of Childhood. His book is also very readable, thought out, and redefines what it means to be an emerging adult. Overall the book is of high quality in explaining how growing up involves many different economic and cultural factors.

This book is in agreement with my first source in that your surroundings are a key factor in growing into an adult. This is my only source that talks about economic status and how that affects growing up. I am going to use this source to point out how family size is an important factor in growing up.


Anglin, James P. Artz, Sibylle. Scott, Daniel G. “Rites of Passage: A Conversation on Becoming Adult.” Child and Youth Care Forum, Ebscohost, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p355-377, Oct1998,

This article asks the question “what specific things need to happen in order for us to become adults” as well as “who is responsible for the formation of the younger generation?” Throughout the article the author breaks adulthood into specific rites of passages. He believes that in order for us to become adults we must examine gender, morality, and sexuality. Reflecting on those three things will help us to understand who we are and help us to become adults. In addition, the author states that it is not just schools that help the younger generation grow into adults, but it is the entire older generation’s responsibility to help the younger generation grow up.

The author’s argument has more to do with the mental state of an adult rather than physical characteristics. He also argues how society as a whole forms adults. He takes into account sociocultural factors with becoming an adult and this leads to a well-rounded argument.

This source is useful in my argument because I want to argue how growing up is more mental than physical. In addition, growing up depends on your surroundings, which is exactly what the author is arguing.


“Tougher Times For Teenagers.” World Future Society, Ebscohost, MAS Ultra – School Edition,

In this article the author really emphasizes empowering young adults to be independent and critical thinkers. He believes that it is the older generations responsibility to help the younger generation on their way to becoming adults. The author also goes into more detail about how kids are becoming sexually active at younger ages and how alcohol and drug abuse is making a comeback. He believes that if these problems are not addressed then the future generation of adults will be in danger.

Growing up involves many different stages. This article helps me to organize some of those stages such as becoming a critical thinker. I also think this article is great for my paper because it will help me talk about how dealing with drugs and alcohol is a problem that young adults will have to face in order to grow up. The article itself talks a lot about current problems facing emerging adults.

This article takes a different approach than the first two. Instead of talking about the positives of growing up for emerging adults, it talks about how certain things must be dealt with in a more negative tone. For example, the author discusses how in order to grow up, certain boundaries for drugs and alcohol must be established.

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2 Responses to How cultural factors influence emerging adults–annotated bibliography

  1. Morgan Lee says:

    The articles you chose are great at pointing out what it takes to be an adult and how younger generations are or can achieve adulthood. I like how each focuses on a slightly different aspect of what I presume is your own vision of being an adult. I especially like that you included the last article to demonstrate a more negative approach to young people becoming of adult age. I think you could argue that when teens cross the line with alcohol and drugs, they could actually move farther away from the idea of being an adult.

  2. Evangelos Katsoudas says:

    I really enjoyed learning about all three of your sources. One unique thing that I find all three sources to argue effectively is the effect of parents on their children growing up. If you can implement how the older generation has a drastic affect on the younger generation, it will help you with your argument of factors that effect your transition to adulthood. All of your sources make strong individual arguments about the transition to adulthood, but something that could help make your argument even stronger would to find another source that can implement statistics and/or research. If you can bring up some stats about the effect of drugs and alcohol on growing up it would help the audience relate. All the sources you found all can easily relate with each other and build on each other and that is something you can take advantage of. Good luck with writing your paper and I think it will turn out great.

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