Becoming a Self-Sufficient, Independent Individual(Adult)-Annotated Bibliography

  1.        Artz, Sibylle, et al. “Rites of Passage: A Conversation on becoming an adult”, Child and Youth Care Forum, Vol.27, Issue 5, Human Sciences Press Inc., Oct. 1998, 355-377. Academic Search Complete,

This source was very interesting in that it was actually a written dialogue between three people and their thoughts on how “rites of passage” contributed to the process of becoming an adult. They started out by discussing how boys and girls go through different rituals to feel like they belong in their certain gender group. The boys’ rituals were usually more physical and about feeling powerful, while the girls’ ritual were more sexual. They all agreed that these and other rituals were insignificant when it came to the process of becoming an adult. These rituals were really to create a feeling of unity, or that you belong with a certain group. For instance, one speaker discussed how he read in Mandela’s autobiography that Mandela’s rite of passage as a boy was to break a tradition, so they stole a pig from the elder and cooked it.

The significance of this was that the boys had to work together to pull it off and would have a special bond because of it for the rest of their lives. The article also showed its credibility by giving detailed information about the three speakers, and how they were all either professor’s or grad students that knew a lot about what they were talking about. I wanted to use this source as a counter argument to why rites of passage does not define the point in which an individual becomes an adult.

I can relate this to my second source and show how the rituals that boys go through to make themselves feel more like a man still result in growing numbers staying at home and being dependent on their parents. I can relate this to my third source and show that even though the bonds you form through rites of passage don’t help in emerging as an adult, one bond that could is one you make with your parents.

2.    Desilver, Drew. “In the U.S. and Abroad More Young Adults Are Staying with Their Parents,” Pew Research Center, 24 May 2016, Accessed 12 Sep. 2016.

This source is very important to my argument that becoming an adult starts when you leave home and start doing things independent of your parents. It shows that the rates of young adults, ages 18 to 34, are higher than any other time period since the great depression, and this is in all countries not just the United States.  One statistic showed that in Macedonia it has reached 72%.


This is a great source because I can use it to show that the way children are being bought up in this age is making it hard for kids and teens to actually become an adult. These young adults are refusing to go out into the real world and start living for themselves, because their parents are allowing them to stay dependent on them for as long as they want. It also helps me explain my definition even further that once these young adults leave home and become self-sufficient they can be looked on as adults.

This article is credible, because it was written by the PEW research center, which is a well known site for getting facts about social issues. This connects to all my sources because it shows why many people are struggling with the transition from childhood to adulthood.

3.    Gitelson, Idy Barasch, McDermott, Dana. “Parents and their Young Adult Children,” Child Welfare, Vol. 85, Issue 5, Child Welfare League of America, Sep/Oct. 2006, 853-866. Academic Search Complete,

This source focuses on the parent-child relationship as the child begins the journey to adulthood. This author explains that emerging as an adult happens in step but the first one is leaving home. He also dives into the fact that growing percentages are staying at home or leaving and coming back. Even some who do leave remain financially dependent on their parents. Statistics show that the percentages of young adults at home is higher in African American, Asian Americans, and Latinos due to family closeness. It is hard to tell if the kids don’t want to leave home or if the parents don’t want the kids to leave. Even though many parents like to cling to their children studies show that relationships between parents and the child are much better after they leave home.

This source is very important for my article because it shows once again that many kids are choosing to stay at home, but this article also includes the fact that parents may be cling on to their children. It also talks about the fact that moving out of the house and becoming independent is a major step towards emerging into adulthood.

This relates directly to my second source because of the fact that they both came to the same conclusion while studying percentages of young adults still in the home. It relates to my first source because it shows that while rituals may form a unity with a community, gender, or a group of friends, the most important unity you need to have in order to make the next step is with your parents.



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1 Response to Becoming a Self-Sufficient, Independent Individual(Adult)-Annotated Bibliography

  1. Margaret Royal says:

    I like your unique approach to defining adulthood. I think that rituals can play a role in creating an adult, but I agree with you in that right of passage does not make someone an adult, at least not in our culture. I think that it would be interesting to take the rituals that are important in other cultures and comparing them to an equivalent in our culture. I also like your focus on young adults who live with their parents. I think that living away from home is needed in order to mature into adulthood. But, with so many people today going to live with their parents after college, it can be hard to say whether they should be considered adults. One article that we read in class that argues that these 20+ year old living with their parents still are adults is “Rejuvenile,” by Christopher Nixon. This could add another perspective to your piece. You have two interesting and different topics, but I think that you can combine them to make a strong argument.

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